The breed was developed by Adele Campbell of Uley, Gloucester. She heard of an Indian Runner Fawn white duck which had laid 182 eggs in 196 days, and purchased this prolific bird to mate with a Rouen. The result was a breed which could be relied upon to produce an average of 200 eggs per year. In addition to the Indian Runner and Rouen, wild duck (mallard) was also used to make the breed hardier. The original Campbell drakes had a dark green head, grey back, and pale claret breast, black stern and white ring around the neck.